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Right & Risk

The Right of Investor

  • To earn a positive return (=yield) on their capital.
  • To insure his investments against risks (=to hedge).
  • To receive information identical to the that of ALL other investors - complete, accurate and timely and to form independent judgement based on this information.
  • To alternate between investments - or be compensated for diminished liquidity.
  • To study how to carefully and rationally manage his portfolio of investments.
  • To compete on equal terms for the allocation of resources.
  • To assume that the market is efficient and fair.

The Limitation & RISK in Financial Market

  • More than one investment alternative;
  • Future streams of income are not certain;
  • No investments is "RISK-LESS";
  • Risk= UNCERTAINTY